Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  12 / 88 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 12 / 88 Next Page
Page Background

Algilez International Language - Grammar

20 July 2015

Page 12 of 88

3.6

Word Order Guidance – normal sentence

In English although it is possible to say 'Ann gave him the ball', the sentence is illogical because Ann did not give

'him', she gave 'the ball'. In Algilez the normal word order is

'Ann gave the ball to him'

. The formula being -

Who/what is the

tøpwod

of the sentence?

Ann

An

Did the

tøpwod

do something

adefwod

(active noun) or have something done to it

udefwod

(passive noun)?

It did something, hence it is

a

adefwod

What did

tøpwod

do? I.e. what is the

dowod

(verb)

gave

'gave' is therefore the verb

gevoz

If the

tøpwod

did nothing (i.e. is neither

active nor passive) then a preposition is

required

Does verb require

udefwod

(object)

yes

What was acted upon by the verb? I.e. the

udefwod

(direct object)?

the ball

was given, not 'him'.

bøl

Is there another noun giving more

information?

Yes

vøwod (

preposition)

required.

What

vøwod (

preposition) goes with verb?

to

(or ‘from’)

u

Who/what is the

ãvefwod

(Preposition object) him

il

Ann gave the ball to him

An gevoz bøl u il

3.7

Word Order Guidance – passive sentence

We can make 'the ball' the Subject of the sentence e.g. -

The ball was given by Ann to him

Who/what is the

tøpwod

of the sentence?

the ball

bøl

Did the

tøpwod

do something (

adefwod

) or

have something done to it (

udefwod

)?

It had something done to it,

hence it is a

Udefwod

What is the

dowod (

verb)

was given by

adgevoz

What is the

udefwod (

Direct Object)?

Ann

An

Is there another noun giving more

information?

Yes

vøwod (

preposition)

required.

What preposition goes with verb

to

u

Who/what is

ãvefwod

(preposition noun)

him

il

The ball was given by Ann to him

bøl adgevoz An u il

3.8

Word Order Guidance – non-active

tøpwod

(subject)

This formula will work with all sentences e.g. - ‘He was given the ball by Ann’, where the subject ‘He’ neither does

the action of the verb, and is not acted upon by the verb, i.e. Ann gave and the ball was given.

In Algilez, this sentence would be translated as ‘

To

him was given the ball by Ann’ – ‘

u il, bøl adgevoz A

n

Here, instead of ‘Ann gave the ball’ (

An gevoz bøl

) we have ‘the ball was given by Ann’ (

bøl adgevoz An

).

The main change is that ‘he’ is translated as ‘to him’ (

u il

).

Note

- This form is 'grammatically correct' but its use is not recommended