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Algilez International Language - Grammar

20 July 2015

Page 11 of 88

3. Word Order

3.1

Normal word order

Although Algilez normally uses a word order which is similar to English (Subject-Verb-Object), the grammatical

names of the parts of speech are different, and (like most things in Algilez), a little more precise.

Tøpwod

(

topic word

) The thing/person you are talking about, normally the first noun in the sentence.

Adefwod

(

active noun

) – the

Subject

. The thing/person that did the action of the verb.

Dowod

(

action word

) –

Verb

. The action that the

adefwod

did.

Udefwod

(

passive noun

) –

Direct Object

. The thing/person that the action was done to.

Algilez has no

Indirect Objects

.

In a passive sentence, the

Udefwod

is also the

tøpwod

and the

adefwod

comes

after

the verb.

Vøwod

(

preceding word

) –

Preposition

. A word that informs about the time, place, direction etc of something.

Ãvefwod

(

following noun

)

Preposition Object

. A noun following a preposition.

There are many different ways in which sentences can be ordered which still give the same meaning. Only two

ways should normally be used. The remainder, although grammatically possible, should only be used for 'poetic'

reasons or for reasons of emphasis. (Se

e 22 Alternative Word Orders

for further examples).

Note - Where the Latin alphabet is used, each letter has its own Algilez sound. Most are the same as in

English –

but not all of them!

Don’t try to pronounce Algilez words using the same sounds as for English.

Listen to the sound files above first.

Using the Algilez Alphabet font (which has unique symbols for those letters not pronounced in the usual

way) will help avoid mistakes.

3.2

Normal word order, Subject-Verb-Object, 'Active' Subject:

Tøpwod

&

adefwod

Dowod

Udefwod

Vøwod

Ãvefwod

John

read

a book

Jon

ridoz

buk

He

carried

his little son

to

the park

Il

tikoz

cuil eta ilva

u

pãk

The dog

saw

the cat

under

the car

Kanis

soz

filis

ond

kãr

3.3

Alternative word order, 'Passive' Subject.

Modify verb with '

ad

' prefix -

Tøpwod

&

Udefwod

Dowod

Adefwod

Vøwod

Ãvefwod

His son

was carried by

him

to

the park

Cuil ilva

adtikoz

il

u

pãk

The cat

was seen by

the dog

Filis

adsoz

kanis

3.4

Adjectives & Adverbs

Adjectives (using an '

a

' suffix) always follow nouns.

Adverbs (using an '

a

' suffix) always follow verbs.

3.5

Prepositions & Conjunctions

A preposition or conjunction is always required before any other object nouns. Examples below -